Archives par mot-clé : crise écologique

Risk, class, crisis, hazards and cosmopolitan solidarity/risk community – conceptual and methodological clarifications

Beck risk crisis By Arianselmani
Photo par Arianselmani

Working paper d’Ulrich Beck de l’Université de Munich et titulaire de la chaire « Cosmopolitan risk communities » du Collège d’Etudes Mondiales, Risk, class, crisis, hazards and cosmopolitan solidarity/risk community – conceptual and methodological clarifications. FMSH-WP-2013-31, avril 2013.

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The author

Professor Ulrich Beck is Professor for Sociology at the University of Munich, and has been the British Journal of Sociology LSE Centennial Professor in the Department of Sociology since 1997. He has received Honorary Doctorates from several European universities. Professor Beck is editor of Soziale Welt, editor of the Edition Second Modernity at Suhrkamp. He is founding director of the research centre at the University of Munich (in cooperation with three other universities in the area), Sonderforschungsbereich – Reflexive Modernisation financed since 1999 y the DFG (German Research Society). Among his recent works : Power in the Global Age (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2005); Cosmopolitan Vision (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006); & Edgar, G., Cosmopolitan Europe (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2007); World at Risk (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2009).

Abstract

This paper discusses four problems. (1) Risk and class: why ‘class’ is too soft a category to capture the explosiveness of social inequality in World Risk Society? (2) Risk and crisis: how do these two concepts relate to each other? (3) Risk and hazards: by hazards I mean material substances that are sources of threat. (4) Risk and cosmopolitan community/solidarity: how do climate risks liberate politics from given rules and enemy images and/or produce new ones ?

Keywords

classe, cosmopolitanism, risk society, climate risks, crisis

Risque, classe, crise, dangers et solidarité cosmopolitaine/communauté de risque. Clarifications conceptuelles et méthodologiques

Résumé

Ce papier discute quatre problèmes. (1) Risque et classe : pourquoi la catégorie de « classe » est-elle une catégorie trop molle pour capturer l’explosion des inégalités sociales dans la société mondiale du risque ? (2) Risque et crise : comment ces deux concepts sont-ils liés l’un à l’autre ? (3) Risque et dangers : par dangers [hazards] je vise des éléments matériels qui sont sources de menaces. (4) Risque et communauté/solidarité cosmopolitaine : comment les risques climatiques affranchissent-ils les politiques des règles données et des représentations de l’ennemi et/ou en produisent de nouvelles ?

Mots-clefs

cosmopolitisme, classe, société du risque, risque climatique, crise

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Redefining Progress in Light of the Ecological Crisis

"Damien Lawson speaking on climate emergency action", par Takver, licence CC (http://www.flickr.com/photos/takver/3622618796/)Dominique Méda, Redefining Progress in Light of the Ecological Crisis, FMSH-WP-2012-25, décembre 2012.

English translation of : Dominique Méda, Redéfinir le progrès à la lumière de la crise écologique, FMSH-WP-2012-22, octobre 2012.

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Abstract

This paper presents the main arguments from the inaugural lecture delivered at the opening of the chair « Ecological Reconversion, Work, Employment and Social Policies », established at the Collège d’Etudes Mondiales set up by the Foundation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris, in cooperation with the University Paris-Dauphine. Though they do not like being dependent on the hypotheses or results of research in the natural sciences, the humanities and social sciences now face the challenge of addressing the radical changes that the former have revealed to us: first, to understand how human beings turned themselves into veritable geological agents capable of destroying the planet’s habitable character; second, to measure the extent to which we can trust traditional disciplines to define the contours of the world in which we aspire to live; and finally, to shed light on possible solutions to what we can now see is far greater than a mere crisis. Dominique Méda examines here the reasons why production has become the primary context in which expression occurs in modern society and why gross domestic product has become main criterion for measuring achievement, before reflecting on what the stakes are of developing new ways of representing « what matters. »

The author

A former student of the École Normale Supérieure and the École Nationale d’Administration, an agrégée of philosophy, and accredited to direct research in sociology, Dominique Méda is currently a professor of sociology at the University of Paris-Dauphine. She is notably the author of Le Travail. Une valeur en voie de disparition?, Qu’est-ce que la richesse?, Le Temps des femmes. Pour un nouveau partage des rôles. She also participated in several volumes on social policy.

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