Archives par mot-clé : Kazakhstan

Factors influencing the implementation of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: the case of Kazakhstan

Beibit Shangirbayeva, Factors influencing the implementation of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: the case of Kazakhstan, FMSH-WP-2017-133, octobre 2017.

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The working paper is focused on the examination of legal and political factors influencing the implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in Kazakhstan. Ratification of the ICCPR brought to the changes in domestic law, but human rights problems remain the issue of concern. The author discussed the national policy of Kazakhstan through the action plans and strategic documents on protection of human rights, the national institutions on protection of human rights, the issues of separation of powers, democracy and the rule of law.

The author

Beibit Shangirbayeva studied law in Kazakhstan and after successful defense of research dissertation for Candidate’s Degree in Jurisprudence on participation of the state in international law-making, worked as lecturer at the Gumilyov Eurasian National University in Astana. She defended PhD on implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights within Politics, Human Rights and Sustainability Program at Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies in Pisa, Italy. During PhD she had one year research stay at the University of Cambridge in the UK and had internship at the OHCHR Office in Geneva.

The text

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013 – MSCA-COFUND) under grant agreement n°245743 – Postdoctoral programme Braudel-IFER-FMSH, in collaboration with the Legal Theory and Analysis Centre (UMR 7074) Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense.

Résumé

Le working paper porte sur l’examen des facteurs juridiques et politiques qui influent sur la mise en oeuvre de la Convention Internationale relative aux droits civils et politiques au Kazakhstan. La ratification de cette Convention Internationale a apporté des changements dans le droit interne, mais les problèmes des droits de l’homme restent préoccupants. L’auteur a discuté de la politique nationale au Kazakhstan à partir de plans d’action et de documents stratégiques portant sur la protection des droits de l’homme, les institutions nationales de protection.

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Beyond Transboundary Water Cooperation: Rescaling Processes and the Hydrosocial Cycle Reconfiguration in the Talas Waterscape (Kyrgyzstan-Kazakhstan)

Andrea Zinzani, Beyond Transboundary Water Cooperation: Rescaling Processes and the Hydrosocial Cycle Reconfiguration in the Talas Waterscape (Kyrgyzstan-Kazakhstan), FMSH-WP-2017-123, février 2017.

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In the framework of the political ecology of water, and specifically of international development policies and hydrosocial relations interfaces, this contribution aims to analyze how the establishment of the Chu-Talas Interstate Commission has influenced rescaling processes and reconfigured the hydrosocial cycle and power relations in the Talas waterscape (Kyrgyzstan-Kazakhstan) at the borderland level. Through the hydrosocial cycle analysis and the focus on the role of water institutions and linked political discourses, on water users practices, and transboundary infrastructures management, data were collected through semi-structured interviews and informal talks in six villages of the waterscape. The evidence shows that whereas the establishment of the Chu-Talas Commission led to a complex multi-level rescaling process, in contrast, the hydrosocial cycle has been slightly reconfigured by the formalization of the development initiative, but rather by recent internal political transformations (in contrast between the two states) and informal practices.

The author

Andrea Zinzani, PhD in Human / Political Geography at the University of Fribourg/Freiburg and at the University of Verona, held a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Fribourg/Freiburg in 2014, the FMSH-Fernand Braudel scholarship at the CNRS, UMR 7528 Mondes Iranien et Indien in 2015 and a DAAD grant, based at the Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology in Bremen in 2016. Currently, he is a post-doctoral researcher at the Global Development Institute, University of Manchester. His research interests range from Political Geography to Political Ecology and Water Politics, with a regional focus on Central and Southeast Asia. He published his monograph The Logics of Water Policies in Central Asia: the IWRM implementation in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, (Lit Verlag, 2015), together with articles in international journals spanning the geography of water to development politics in Central Asia.

The text

Ce texte a été rédigé dans le cadre d’une bourse Fernand Braudel IFER, du 1er avril au 31 décembre 2015, au sein du laboratoire UMR 7528 Mondes iranien et indien, CNRS.

Résumé

Cette contribution, qui s’inscrit dans une démarche d’écologie politique de l’eau, s’intéresse aux interactions entre les politiques de l’eau menées par les organismes de développement et les relations hydro-sociales en Asie centrale. Elle vise à analyser comment la création de la Commission transfrontalière Chu-Talas a influencé les changements d’échelle, et reconfiguré le cycle hydro-social et les dynamiques de pouvoir dans le bassin du Talas au niveau de la zone frontalière (Kirghizistan-Kazakhstan). Ce travail se fonde sur des données recueillies au cours d’entretiens semi-directifs et de discussions informelles dans six villages qui portent sur le rôle des institutions de l’eau, sur la gestion des infrastructures transfrontières de même que sur les discours politiques, les usagers de l’eau et leurs pratiques liées. Les résultats ont démontré que le cycle hydro-social a été moins influencé par la mise en place de la commission transfrontalière Chu-Talas, qui a été créée conformément aux modèles internationaux de gestion, que par la redéfinition récente des politiques nationales (qui diffèrent entre les deux États) et par des pratiques informelles.

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