Archives par mot-clé : exploitation

The Facets of Exploitation

Marc Fleurbaey, The Facets of Exploitation, FMSH-WP-2012-11, may 2012.Marc Fleurbaey, The Facets of Exploitation, FMSH-WP-2012-11, may 2012.

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About the author

Marc Fleurbaey is Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor at the University of Princeton (USA) and Chaire “Welfare and social justice” at the Collège d’études mondiales. His research in economics and philosophy has been devoted to normative economics, distributive justice, and the evaluation of public policy. The main areas of application are the measurement of social welfare, climate policies, health prioritizing, and optimal taxation.

He has been professor of economics and CNRS researcher in France. He is the coordinating editor of Social Choice and Welfare and a former editor of Economics and Philosophy. He is a Coordinating Lead Author for the Fifth Assessment Report (2014) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. He has been a member of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. He has published Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare (Oxford 2008) and A Theory of Fairness and Social Welfare (Cambridge 2011, with F. Maniquet), as well as many articles in welfare economics, public economics, and political philosophy.

The text

This text was written by Marc Fleurbay, Princeton University, who holds the Chaire entitled « Welfare Economics and Social Justice » at the Collège d’études mondiales. It is written for the 30th anniversary of the publication of John Roemer’s General Theory of Exploitation and Class. It has bene…tted from discussions with N. Gravel.

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This paper proposes four concepts of exploitation that encapsulate common uses of the word in social interactions: unfair advantage, unequal exchange, using persons as means, free-riding. It briefly discusses how these concepts appear in the literature (the first two are prominent in Roemer’s classical work), and then examines how these forms of exploitation are related and how they can occur.


exploitation, unequal exchange, Roemer


Ce document propose quatre concepts d’exploitation qui capturent les usages courants du mot dans les interactions sociales: un avantage indu, l’échange inégal, l’utilisation de personnes comme des moyens, les passagers clandestins. Il aborde brièvement la façon dont ces concepts apparaissent dans la littérature (les deux premiers sont au centre de l’oeuvre classique de Roemer), puis examine comment ces formes d’exploitation sont liées et comment elles peuvent se produire.


exploitation, échange inégal, Roemer

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